Filed under Tunisia

18. The end of a tolerant society?

Tunisia could long be considered an example of stability, equality and tolerance in North Africa and Middle East. Tunisia’s first president Habib Bourguiba ensured that women were given equal rights and encouraged the secularization of Tunisian society. His successor Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali struck a more religious tone, but ensured that radical Islamism could not … Continue reading

15. Building a new (religious) foundation

In revolutions dictatorial regimes are seen as a structure that has to be demolished. The end of the regime’s figurehead is not the end, but the start of the demolition of the “structures” of the old regime. Not only the cronies, who profited from the dictatorship, should go, but also the legal foundation of the … Continue reading

13. Will popular Islam survive the revolutions?

The revolutions in the Middle-East have inadvertently unleashed a force that cannot be controlled. Radical groups, which were before held back by the now toppled regimes, have started to attack sufi graves. The most highlighted incident was the destruction of the ancient and famous sufi sanctuaries in Timbuktu by armed radicals, who called themselves Ansar … Continue reading

6. Ennahdha (1981-): Moderates risen from the shadows

Ennahdha, in Arabic حركة النهضة (Renaissance Movement), is a Tunisian Islamist political party. Ennahdha has its origins in the clandestine Islamist movement al-Jama’a al-Islamiyya, which was founded by Sheikh Rashid al-Ghannoushi, Abdelfatah Mourou, Sheikh Mohammed Salah Enneifer en Sheikh Abdelqader Salama at the end of the 60’s in Tunis. The movement grew out of earlier … Continue reading